Crea tu propia web
Gratis, Rápido, Fácil
Descubre SiteW Suscripción gratuita

Domain Names: How Does It Work?

Como crear una pagina webCarefully choosing your domain name is very important. Indeed, your domain name conveys your brand image. It is also through it that your visitors/customers will find you. It is thus essential to get to know a bit about domain names. SiteW gives you some information about the composition of a domain name, its life cycle and the abusive practices related to it.

Lifecycle of a domain name

¿Qué es un nombre de dominio?

A website is identified by its URL. El nombre de dominio forma parte de la URL. Se compone:

  • del dominio de primer nivel o extensión que puede relacionarse con un país -entonces está compuesto de 2 letras (por ejemplo .fr para Francia, .es para España o .de para Alemania), o también puede relacionarse con un área de actividades -entonces está compuesto de 3 letras (por ejemplo .biz para lo que concierne a las empresas, .net para todo lo que se relaciona con el sector informático, .edu para las entidades educativas etc.).

  • del dominio de segundo nivel que es personalizable y contiene ente 3 y 63 caracteres.

  • Possibly a subdomain which you can find in the beginning of the domain name. It gives precisions about the domain. El subdominio www (World Wide Web) a menudo se utiliza para definir el sitio principal.

For example, for the domain name www.sitew.com, the extension is .com, the second level domain is sitew and www is the subdomain.

Un nombre de dominio permite obtener la dirección ip, que es una serie de números permitiendo identificar el servidor conectado a la red Internet que aloja el sitio. El uso de letras permite facilitar la memorización de las direcciones web.

create a domain name
Why you should register a domain name

Registrar un dominio: ¿Para qué sirve?

Registrar su propio dominio permite principalmente:

  • favorecer la memorización de la dirección web (un dominio es más facil de recordar que una dirección web gratis creada con un subdominio).

  • Gain in visibility, improve your SEO: as the reservation of a domain name requires an investment, search engines give more consideration to websites with a domain name. They consider them more as quality websites, which may improve your ranking.

  • ganar credibilidad: un nombre de dominio genera un mayor sentimiento de confianza en los visitantes.

  • Protect your website from cybersquatting (see below).

Life cycle of a domain name

A domain name can be registered at a registrar (SiteW offers the same service as a registrar). To find the website IP address, your visitor’s computer will connect to a DNS server (=Domain name system which allows to translate the ip address into Domain name and vice versa) of his Internet service provider, which contacts a root DNS server, then a domain name DNS server. A domain name defines at least 2 DNS servers. Here are the various steps of a domain name life cycle:

  • Availability period: a domain name is available as long as no one has booked it.

  • Active reservation period: you can book a domain name for a duration of 1 to 10 years. At the expiry date, the registrar will inform you and you’ll be able to renew your reservation.

  • End of the reservation period: if you have not renewed your reservation, the domain name is considered as expired.

  • Registrar-lock period: it lasts 45 days. During this time, the domain name is not available any more but you can still renew it on request to your registrar.

  • Redemption period: it is still possible to retrieve your domain name usually during 30 days with a surcharge.

  • Pending delete period: these are the 5 last days before the final expiration of the domain name. Then it becomes available again.
    The periods indicated above are only indicative and may vary depending on the domain extension and the registrar.

Everything about domain names
Domain name life cycle and abusive practices related to domain names

Domain parking

Domain parking consists in redirecting an unused domain name to an ad link page related to the domain name. The pay per click allows you to pay the reservation price back, or even to make profit.

Abusive practices

Cybersquatting or grabbing or even Domain Name Hijacking consist in buying domain names related to brand names (places etc.) in order to benefit from their notoriety or to alter their visibility in order to sell these domain names back (sometimes very expensively) to the claim-holders.
You now know a bit more about domain names. In our next article, we’ll explain to you how to choose, book and renew you domain name with SiteW. Stay tuned!

Última actualización: 18 noviembre, 2018